In accordance with art.11 of WFD each Member State shall ensure the establishment for each river basin district, or for the part of an international river basin district within its territory, of a programme of measures, taking account of the results of the analyses required under Article 5 (see: characteristics) in order to achieve the environmental objectives. Transposition of art.11 of WFD to the Water Law Act was done by the regulations of art.113 of this Act. It indicates the necessity of preparing the National Programme of Measures (NPM). The summary of NPM should be included in river basin management plans. In consideration of the above, NPM is an organised collection of measures realisation of which will allow to achieve environmental objectives consistent with WFD by 2015.
The main objective of NPM is to present the set of measures which realisation within specific time will allow to achieve better status of water. The analysis of technical, financial and time capabilities revealed that some water bodies will not achieve the set environmental objectives by 2015. The regulations of the Water Law Act and WFD permit such ‘exemption’ in the form of postponing or setting less stringent objectives. All these cases should be described and justified. The NPM settlements should be transposed to other documents on the national and regional levels by their consideration in strategies, operational and development programmes, spatial development plans and conditions and directions of spatial development, as well as in plans and programmes directly or indirectly connected with water management. This should facilitate the total implementation of planned measures.
Measures listed in NPM for particular surface water bodies and groundwater bodies can be divided into basic and supplementary, in accordance with art. 11, paragraph 2 of WFD and art. 113a of the Water Law Act, depending on the results of risk evaluation of not achieving environmental objectives. Proposed programmes for particular surface water bodies are the set of effective, efficient and realistic measures. Those programmes were later incorporated into all river basin districts in Poland.
Basic measures shall be carried out in all water bodies in the country. They should consist of: countrywide measures and those directed to places requiring them on the basis of results of analyses prepared in accordance with art.5 of WFD. Directed basic measures were divided into two groups: basic measures of group A and of group B.
Basic measures of group A result from:
- The National Programme for Municipal Waste Water Treatment;
- The Programme to equip agglomerations under 2000 population equivalent with waste water treatment plants and collective waste water systems;
- The Programme to equip the agricultural and food industry plants of the size not smaller than 4000 population equivalent discharging waste water directly into water with the equipment providing required by Polish law standards of water protection,
- Programmes adopted for areas exposed to pollution coming from agricultural sources;
- Measures preventing pollution of water caused by pollutants or groups of pollutants, presenting major hazard for water environment or to natural environment via it.
Basic measures of group B include:
- Measures for heavily modified and artificial water bodies allowing to achieve by these water bodies the good potential
- Measures required by the part A of Annex VI to WFD (measures required in other directives);
- The list of other basic measures required by art.11, paragraph 3 of WFD.
Basic measures result from regulations of national law and European Community legislation in the scope of protection and restoring the proper status of water and water dependent ecosystems, it means they allow to fulfil the requirements of the following Directives defined in Annex VI part A (in accordance with art. 11,paragraph 3 of WFD):
- Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment,
- Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources,
- Directive 2006/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 February 2006 concerning the management of bathing water quality and repealing Directive 76/160/EEC,
- Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption,
- Council Directive 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture,
- Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora,
- Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds,
- Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market,
- Council Directive 96/82/EC of 9 December 1996 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances (Seveso),
- Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control,
- Council Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment,
- Council Directive 97/11/EC of 3 March 1997 amending Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment,
- Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on public access to environmental information and repealing Council Directive 90/313/EEC.
NPM also includes measures resulting from the following Directive:
- Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2002 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage,
- Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration.